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The public health authority to implement disease control measures in a population is rooted in laws and regulations.

Those who determine the laws include legislators, government departments and ministries, and the public health officials of states, cities, and counties.

Ethical questions arise in how policymakers respond to the epidemic, legislate policies that align with public health ethics, and ethically implement the policies.


Select a common ethical issue to see recommendations for ethical action:

Select a phase for information on ethical issues before, during, and after a pandemic: